SOC Code: 11-9199, ext. codes 2301,2302, and 2303

Pay Band(s): 5,6 and 7     (Salary Structure)

Standard Occupational Description: There is no standard occupational description for the occupation of Environmental Manager as used by the Commonwealth. This occupation would be included in the Managers, All Others. This group is comprised of many different types of management occupations with a wide range of characteristics

Commonwealth of Virginia Description: Plan, direct, or coordinate environmental activities and staff of an organization.

Environmental Manager positions in the Commonwealth are assigned to the following Roles in the Environmental Services Career Group:

Environmental Manager I

Environmental Manager II

Environmental Manager III

While Environmental Managers within the Commonwealth are all located within the Environmental Services Career Group, individuals may want to pursue other opportunities within the Commonwealth depending upon individual training, education, knowledge, skills, abilities, and interests.   

Other Career Group(s) that may be of interest are:

Architecture and Engineering

Life and Physical Science

Public Safety Compliance

Program Administration

General Administration


(Technical and Functional Expertise)


Note: The technical and functional skills listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Environmental Manager commonly recognized by most employers.  Typically, you will not be required to have all of the skills listed to be a successful performer.  Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.

  1. Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  2. Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  3. Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  4. Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  5. Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  6. Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  7. Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  8. Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  9. Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  10. Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


Note: The technical and functional knowledge statements listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Environmental Manager commonly recognized by most employers.  Typically, you will not be required to have all of the knowledge listed to be a successful performer.  Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.

The Knowledge of:

  1. Business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  2. Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  3. Structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  4. Chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  5. Economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
  6. Laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  7. Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.


Note: The technical and functional abilities listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Environmental Manager commonly recognized by most employers.  Typically, you will not be required to have all of the abilities listed to be a successful performer.  Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.

The Ability to:

  1. Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  2. Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  3. Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  4. Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  5. Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  6. Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  7. Add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
  8. Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  9. Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  10. Come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.


Note:  The following is a list of sample tasks typically performed by Environmental Manager.  Employees in this occupation will not necessarily perform all of the tasks listed. 

  1. Confer with scientists, engineers, regulators, and others, to plan and review environmental projects, and to provide technical assistance.
  2. Design and coordinate successive phases of problem analysis, solution proposals, and testing.
  3. Determine scientific and technical goals within broad outlines provided by top management and make detailed plans to accomplish these goals.
  4. Develop and implement policies, standards and procedures for the environmental, scientific and technical work performed, to ensure regulatory compliance and operations enhancement.
  5. Plan and direct research, development, and regulatory activities.
  6. Prepare project proposals.
  7. Develop client relationships and communicate with clients to explain proposals, present research findings, establish specifications or discuss project status.
  8. Direct the analysis of data to determine validity, quality, and scientific significance, and to interpret correlations between human activities and environmental effects.
  9. Manage the design of and conduct of studies to obtain technical environmental information about planned projects.
  10. Provide guidance on violations or problems discovered during inspections in order to determine appropriate regulatory actions or to provide advice on the development and prosecution of regulatory cases.



Like people, occupations have traits or characteristics.  These characteristics give important clues about the nature of the work and work environment, and give you an opportunity to match your own personal interests to a specific occupation.  When you choose a job in an occupation that matches your own interests you have taken an important step in planning a successful and rewarding career.

The occupation of Environmental Manager has Enterprising, Investigative and Realistic characteristics as described below:

Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.


Generally this is not required for Environmental Manager positions in state government. However there are some positions that do require licensure specific to environmental jobs such as a professional engineering license. The Department of Professional and Occupational Regulations provides licensure information for environmental engineers who wish to obtain licensure on the Department of Professional & Occupational Regulations’ web site at:

For those environmental managers working with wastewater, certification is required in:

Certified Nutrient Management Planning, Certified Erosion and Sediment control and

Storm Water Inspection.

Also some positions may require various OSHA certifications. Other certifying organizations follow:

Certifying organization for Environmental Professionals is the National Registry of Environmental Professionals web site:

Managers with the Commonwealth of Virginia are eligible for the Virginia Certified Manager Program offered by the Department of Human Resource Management. Web site is This certificate program offers practitioner-oriented course work that builds upon management training programs offered through agencies, colleges, and universities.

Attainment of the Certified Administrative Manager (CAM) designation offered by the Institute of Certified Professional Managers, through work experience and successful completion of examinations, can increase a manager’s advancement potential. The Institute of Certified Professional Managers is a certifying organization and offers a management certification program. The Institute is located at James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia.  Web site is Management Skills is the theme of the program, which emphasizes the teaching and application of real-world, practical skills and techniques over theories, and critical-thinking skills over rote knowledge.

All agencies that have environmental managers could provide specific certification/licensure requirements.

Primary agencies that hire environmental managers include:

The Department of Environmental Quality:;

The Department of Conservation and Recreation:; and

The Virginia Department of Transportation:

The Virginia Department of Health:


Environmental managers plan, coordinate, and direct environmental research, design, and regulatory activities. They may supervise engineers, scientists, and technicians, along with support personnel. These managers use advanced technical knowledge of environmental science to oversee a variety of activities.

Strong technical knowledge is essential for environmental managers, who must understand and guide the work of their subordinates and explain the work in nontechnical terms to senior management and others. Therefore, these management positions usually require work experience and formal education similar to those of engineers or other physical or life scientists, but is applied to environmental areas. Many specialize in some specific area, such as environmental ecology and conservation, environmental chemistry, or environmental biology.

A bachelor’s degree is adequate for management positions. A bachelor’s degree in environmental science offers an interdisciplinary approach to the natural sciences, with an emphasis on biology, chemistry, and geology.

Agencies in the Commonwealth of Virginia offer training for Environmental Managers. The agencies’ web sites listed above in the licensure/certification section would provide additional information on career and training opportunities.

Other training opportunities may be training offered by agencies through the Virginia Center for Public Policy at VCU ( such as attendance at the various progressive level management courses and institutes for managers and executives (i.e. Virginia Supervisory Institute (VSI), Advanced Management Institute (AMI) and the Virginia Executive Institute (VEI).

The State Council of Higher Education lists several Virginia educational institutions that offer programs in environmental science and management. This information is found on the web site:


Competencies are a set of identified behaviors, knowledge, skills, and abilities that directly and positively impact the success of employees and the organization. Competencies can be observed and measured.  When consistently demonstrated, competencies make employees particularly effective in their work.  Competencies help lay out a road map to career success.  You can use the Commonwealth Competencies to help improve your individual performance by adopting behaviors that make high performing employees successful in their jobs. In this way, you can use the Commonwealth Competencies for your further professional development.

The Commonwealth Competencies are:

  1. Technical and Functional Expertise
  2. Understanding the Business     
  3. Achieving Results
  4. Serving the Customer
  5. Teamwork
  6. Interpersonal and Communication Skills
  7. Leadership and Personal Effectiveness

The above competencies may be applied to employees throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia.  They can be rank-ordered by agencies and hiring managers to represent the needs of a specific job.  The rank ordering will change depending upon the occupation, an organization's priorities, the actual job requirements, and the supervisor's preferences. 

Career success is both about what you do (applying your technical knowledge, skills, and ability) and how you do it (the consistent behaviors you demonstrate and choose to use) while interacting and communicating with others.  Hopefully, by studying the Commonwealth competencies, identifying your developmental opportunities, and working to refine your own competence, you can take charge of your career!

For additional information about the Commonwealth Competencies go to:  For the competencies, we first list the competencies and then define each.  Finally, we list competency indicators; to describe what successful performance looks like. 


Career opportunities in the Commonwealth are not limited to moving “up” to the next highest role and pay band, changing positions, or to becoming a supervisor.  That’s because most roles describe a broad group of occupationally related positions that perform a range of work that requires increased knowledge and skills.  For that reason, Commonwealth roles describe the career paths within the same or higher-level role for the same or different Career Group.  The broad salary range and the Commonwealth’s pay practices provide flexibility in recognizing career development and advancement. (Salary Structure)

For example: Environmental Manager





Environmental Specialist I



Environmental Manager I


Environmental Specialist II



Environmental Manager II         



Environmental Manager III


Sample Career Path

Environmental Manager I

The Environmental Manager I role provides career tracks for managers of an environmental program(s) and staff within a geographic or other designated area. The assigned programs impact the environment and/or public safety and health. Work is focused on immediate to long term operational and administrative issues. Responsibilities include strategic planning, administering, and generating policies, specifications and standards to promote program goals and objectives, monitoring for quality assurance, budget management and resource allocation.

Environmental Manager II

The Environmental Manager II role provides career tracks for mid-level managers, district managers or statewide program directors responsible for managing environmental program areas and staff. Employees manage a major agency program directly tied to the mission of the agency or multiple programs. Work is focused on long terms actions including program development and securing resources. Oversight of operational activities include: inspections, compliance, enforcement, conservation, analysis, licensing and certification, and public education, technical services or control activities having an impact on public health and the environment.

Environmental Manager III

The Environmental Manager III role provides career tracks for executive managers having responsibilities ranging from managing a geographic region of an agency, or, statewide responsibility for directing multiple programs within a discipline to responsible for all environmental management programs statewide.


O*NET (Occupational Information Network)

Virginia Employment Commission

Career One Stop

Virginia Career Resource Network