SOC Code:

Pay Band(s): 5  (Salary Structure)

Standard Occupational Description: There is no standard occupational description for the occupation Laboratory and Research Manager as used by the Commonwealth. This occupation is included in the Managers, All Others. This group is comprised of many different types of management occupations with a wide range of characteristics

Commonwealth of Virginia Description: Plan, direct, or coordinate testing, analysis and research activities and staff of a laboratory.

Laboratory and Research Manager positions in the Commonwealth are assigned to the following Roles in the Laboratory and Research Career Group:

Laboratory and Research Manager

While Laboratory and Research Managers within the Commonwealth are all located within the Laboratory and Research Career Group, individuals may want to pursue other opportunities within the Commonwealth depending upon individual training, education, knowledge, skills, abilities, and interests.   

Other Career Group(s) that may be of interest are:

Life and Physical Science

Health Care Technology

Forensic Science

Engineering Technology


(Technical and Functional Expertise)

Note: The technical and functional skills listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Laboratory and Research Mangers commonly recognized by most employers.  Typically, you will not be required to have all of the skills listed to be a successful performer.  Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.

  1. Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  2. Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  3. Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  4. Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  5. Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  6. Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  7. Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  8. Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  9. Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  10. Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Note: The technical and functional knowledge statements listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Laboratory and Research Managers commonly recognized by most employers.  Typically, you will not be required to have all of the knowledge listed to be a successful performer.  Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.

The Knowledge of:

  1. Principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
  2. Business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  3. Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  4. Structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  5. Laboratory practices, principles and methods for research.
  6. Laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, and agency rules.
  7. Human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  8. Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  9. Chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  10. Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

Note: The technical and functional abilities listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Laboratory and Research Managers commonly recognized by most employers.  Typically, you will not be required to have all of the abilities listed to be a successful performer.  Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.

The Ability to:

  1. Apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  2. Arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  3. Read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  4. Tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  5. Combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  6. Communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  7. Communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  8. Listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  9. Choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  10. Gather and interpret data, reach logical conclusions and present findings and recommendations.
  11. Quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

Note:  The following is a list of sample tasks typically performed by Laboratory and Research Managers.  Employees in this occupation will not necessarily perform all of the tasks listed.

  1. Administer, direct, and review laboratory and research program areas to meet organizational objectives and goals.
  2. Analyze policies, government regulations, and legislation to develop new policies and plans or revise existing policies and procedures.
  3. Analyze statistical data, studies and reports to identify and determine causes of problems and develop recommendations for improvement of laboratory practices, procedures, or research programs.
  4. Consult with and advise government officials and staff, civic bodies, and other agencies on legislative, policy, and research and laboratory testing issues.
  5. Monitor progress of objectives that affect the quality and compliance to standards of laboratory services provided and the laboratory and research program's success.
  6. Provide management to laboratory and research staff and others through consultation, supervision, and liaison activities.
  7. Attend meetings and conferences relating to laboratory and research practices to represent the Commonwealth.
  8. Provide technical guidance to chemist, engineers, physicians, staff and others concerning rules and regulations and Federal requirements for the laboratory practices.
  9. Supervise the chemical and physical laboratory tests to assist scientists in making qualitative and quantitative analyses of solids, liquids, and gaseous materials.
  10. Plan and direct scientific research, testing and laboratory activities.


Like people, occupations have traits or characteristics.  These characteristics give important clues about the nature of the work and work environment, and give you an opportunity to match your own personal interests to a specific occupation.  When you choose a job in an occupation that matches your own interests you have taken an important step in planning a successful and rewarding career.

The occupation of Laboratory and Research Manager has Realistic, Investigative, Conventional and Enterprising characteristics as described below:

Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

 Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.


Generally this is not required for Laboratory and Research Manager positions in state government. However some States require laboratory personnel to be licensed or registered. Information on licensure is available from State departments of health or boards of occupational licensing.

Certification is a voluntary process by which a nongovernmental organization, such as a professional society or certifying agency, grants recognition to an individual whose professional competence meets prescribed standards. Widely accepted by employers in the health industry, certification is a prerequisite for most jobs and often is necessary for advancement. Agencies certifying medical and clinical laboratory technologists and technicians include the Board of Registry of the American Society for Clinical Pathology, the American Medical Technologists, the National Credentialing Agency for Laboratory Personnel, and the Board of Registry of the American Association of Bioanalysts. These agencies have different requirements for certification and different organizational sponsors.

Managers with the Commonwealth of Virginia are eligible for the Virginia Certified Public Manager Program offered by the Department of Human Resource Management. Web site is This certificate program offers practitioner-oriented course work that builds upon management training programs offered through agencies, colleges, and universities.

Attainment of the Certified Administrative Manager (CAM) designation offered by the Institute of Certified Professional Managers, through work experience and successful completion of examinations, can increase a manager's advancement potential. The Institute of Certified Professional Managers is a certifying organization and offers a management certification program. The Institute is located at James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia.  Web site is Management Skills is the theme of the program, which emphasizes the teaching and application of real-world, practical skills and techniques over theories, and critical-thinking skills over rote knowledge.

Certification may enhance professional development and career progression.


The Department of Labor provides the following information:

The usual requirement for a laboratory and research manager typically has a bachelor's degree with a major in medical technology or in one of the life sciences; although it is possible to qualify through a combination of education, on-the-job, and specialized training. Universities and hospitals offer medical technology programs. A graduate degree in medical technology, one of the biological sciences, chemistry, management, or education usually speeds advancement. A doctorate is needed to become a laboratory director; however, Federal regulation allows directors of moderately complex laboratories to have either a master's degree or a bachelor's degree, combined with the appropriate amount of training and experience.

The State Council of Higher Education lists many Virginia educational institutions offering programs in management on their web site:

Other training opportunities may be training offered by agencies through the Virginia Center for Public Policy at VCU ( such as attendance at the various progressive level management courses and institutes for managers and executives (i.e. Virginia Supervisory Institute (VSI), Advanced Management Institute (AMI) and the Virginia Executive Institute (VEI).


Competencies are a set of identified behaviors, knowledge, skills, and abilities that directly and positively impact the success of employees and the organization. Competencies can be observed and measured.  When consistently demonstrated, competencies make employees particularly effective in their work.  Competencies help lay out a road map to career success.  You can use the Commonwealth Competencies to help improve your individual performance by adopting behaviors that make high performing employees successful in their jobs. In this way, you can use the Commonwealth Competencies for your further professional development.

The Commonwealth Competencies are:

  1. Technical and Functional Expertise
  2. Understanding the Business     
  3. Achieving Results
  4. Serving the Customer
  5. Teamwork
  6. Interpersonal and Communication Skills
  7. Leadership and Personal Effectiveness

The above competencies may be applied to employees throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia.  They can be rank-ordered by agencies and hiring managers to represent the needs of a specific job.  The rank ordering will change depending upon the occupation, an organization's priorities, the actual job requirements, and the supervisor's preferences. 

Career success is both about what you do (applying your technical knowledge, skills, and ability) and how you do it (the consistent behaviors you demonstrate and choose to use) while interacting and communicating with others.  Hopefully, by studying the Commonwealth competencies, identifying your developmental opportunities, and working to refine your own competence, you can take charge of your career!

For additional information about the Commonwealth Competencies go to:  For the competencies, we first list the competencies and then define each.  Finally, we list competency indicators; to describe what successful performance looks like. 


Career opportunities in the Commonwealth are not limited to moving “up” to the next highest role and pay band, changing positions, or to becoming a supervisor.  That's because most roles describe a broad group of occupationally related positions that perform a range of work that requires increased knowledge and skills.  For that reason, Commonwealth roles describe the career paths within the same or higher-level role for the same or different Career Group.  The broad salary range and the Commonwealth's pay practices provide flexibility in recognizing career development and advancement. (Salary Structure)

For example: Laboratory and Research Manager






Laboratory and Research Manager

Sample Career Path

Laboratory and Research Manager

The Laboratory and Research Manager role provides career tracks for managers of laboratories in a teaching, research, clinical, service or regulatory setting. Employees are responsible for making administrative decisions related to all laboratory operations and exercise broad-based administrative responsibility for all laboratory functions and personnel.


O*NET (Occupational Information Network)

Virginia Employment Commission

Career One Stop

Virginia Career Resource Network

National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences

National Credentialing Agency for Laboratory Personnel

Clinical Laboratory Management Association