CAREER GUIDE FOR LIBRARY MANAGER
SOC Code: 11-9199
Pay Band(s): 6 (Salary Structure)
Standard Occupational Description: There is no standard occupational description for the occupation of Library Manager as used by the Commonwealth. This occupation would be included in the Managers, All Others. This group is comprised of many different types of management occupations with a wide range of characteristics.
Commonwealth of Virginia Description: Plan, direct, or coordinate activities and staff of a library.
Library Manager positions in the Commonwealth are assigned to the following Roles in the Library Services Career Group:
While Library Managers within the Commonwealth are all located within the Library Services Career Group, individuals may want to pursue other opportunities within the Commonwealth depending upon individual training, education, knowledge, skills, abilities, and interests.
Other Career Group(s) that may be of interest are:
SKILLS, KNOWLEDGE, ABILITIES AND TASKS
(Technical and Functional Expertise)
Note: The technical and functional skills listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Library Managers commonly recognized by most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the skills listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.
Note: The technical and functional knowledge statements listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Library Managers commonly recognized by most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the knowledge listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.
The Knowledge of:
Note: The technical and functional abilities listed below are based on general occupational qualifications for Library Managers commonly recognized by most employers. Typically, you will not be required to have all of the abilities listed to be a successful performer. Recruitment and selection standards for an individual state job must be based on the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities for that job as indicated in the job announcement and job description in the Employee Work Profile.
The Ability to:
Note: The following is a list of sample tasks typically performed by Library Managers. Employees in this occupation will not necessarily perform all of the tasks listed.
Like people, occupations have traits or characteristics. These characteristics give important clues about the nature of the work and work environment, and give you an opportunity to match your own personal interests to a specific occupation. When you choose a job in an occupation that matches your own interests you have taken an important step in planning a successful and rewarding career.
The occupation of library manager has Artistic, Conventional and Investigative characteristics as described below:
Artistic Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Conventional Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Investigative Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
LICENSURE, REGISTRATION, OR CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
The Board of the Library of Virginia issues certifications to librarians for the Commonwealth of Virginia. Certification may be required for certain library manager positions in state government.
Some states require certification of public librarians employed in municipal, county, or regional library systems.
Managers with the Commonwealth of Virginia are eligible for the Virginia Certified Manager Program offered by the Department of Human Resource Management. Web site is http://www.dpt.state.va.us/training/cpm/cpmhome.htm. This certificate program offers practitioner-oriented course work that builds upon management training programs offered through agencies, colleges, and universities.
Attainment of the Certified Administrative Manager (CAM) designation offered by the Institute of Certified Professional Managers, through work experience and successful completion of examinations, can increase a manager's advancement potential. The Institute of Certified Professional Managers is a certifying organization and offers a management certification program. The Institute is located at James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia. Web site is http://cob.jmu.edu/icpm. Management Skills is the theme of the program, which emphasizes the teaching and application of real-world, practical skills and techniques over theories, and critical-thinking skills over rote knowledge.
EDUCATIONAL, TRAINING, AND LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES
A library manager supervises programs and staff of a library.
The Department of Labor provides the following information:
Librarians, or information professionals, increasingly are combining traditional duties with tasks involving quickly changing technology. Librarians assist people in finding information and using it effectively for personal and professional purposes. Librarians must have knowledge of a wide variety of scholarly and public information sources and must follow trends related to publishing, computers, and the media in order to oversee the selection and organization of library materials. Librarians manage staff and develop and direct information programs and systems for the public, to ensure that information is organized in a manner that meets users' needs.
A master's degree in library science (MLS) is necessary for librarian positions in most public, academic, and special libraries and in some school libraries. Most MLS programs require a bachelor's degree; any liberal arts major is appropriate.
The MLS degree provides general preparation for library work, but some individuals specialize in a particular area, such as reference, technical services, health science, or children's services. A Ph.D. degree in library and information science is advantageous for a college teaching position teaching library science or for a top administrative job in a college or university library or large library system.
According to the Virginia Area Health Education Centers Program several universities in Virginia offer certification and/or a master' degree in education in school media librarianship. The University of Tennessee-Knoxville and Catholic University offer graduate extension courses in library science in various sites in Virginia.
Competencies are a set of identified behaviors, knowledge, skills, and abilities that directly and positively impact the success of employees and the organization. Competencies can be observed and measured. When consistently demonstrated, competencies make employees particularly effective in their work. Competencies help lay out a road map to career success. You can use the Commonwealth Competencies to help improve your individual performance by adopting behaviors that make high performing employees successful in their jobs. In this way, you can use the Commonwealth Competencies for your further professional development.
The Commonwealth Competencies are:
The above competencies may be applied to employees throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia. They can be rank-ordered by agencies and hiring managers to represent the needs of a specific job. The rank ordering will change depending upon the occupation, an organization's priorities, the actual job requirements, and the supervisor's preferences.
Career success is both about what you do (applying your technical knowledge, skills, and ability) and how you do it (the consistent behaviors you demonstrate and choose to use) while interacting and communicating with others. Hopefully, by studying the Commonwealth competencies, identifying your developmental opportunities, and working to refine your own competence, you can take charge of your career!
For additional information about the Commonwealth Competencies go to: http://jobs.state.va.us/cc_planningctr.htm. For the competencies, we first list the competencies and then define each. Finally, we list competency indicators; to describe what successful performance looks like.
COMMONWEALTH CAREER PATH
Career opportunities in the Commonwealth are not limited to moving up to the next highest role and pay band, changing positions, or to becoming a supervisor. That's because most roles describe a broad group of occupationally related positions that perform a range of work that requires increased knowledge and skills. For that reason, Commonwealth roles describe the career paths within the same or higher-level role for the same or different Career Group. The broad salary range and the Commonwealth's pay practices provide flexibility in recognizing career development and advancement. (Salary Structure)
For example: Library Manager
Sample Career Path
The Library Manager role provides a career track for managers responsible for leadership and creativity in two or more primary programs including archival, historical, library, records analyst, or support services functions and serves a statewide constituency. Considerably difficult duties may include establishing and monitoring guidelines, policies & procedures, production schedules, and overseeing specific technical and administrative program functions.
ADDITIONAL OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT:
O*NET (Occupational Information Network)
Virginia Employment Commission
Career One Stop
Virginia Career Resource Network:
American Library Association:
Special Libraries Association:
Association for Library and Information Science Education: